With the New Year upon us many people are busy setting out their New Year’s Resolutions, and 2014 Goals.  It is no surprise that the biggest item on the majority of peoples list is to get into better physical shape, yet 70% or more of people end up giving up on this goal before the month of February is over!

Why is this an all too common occurrence? Some will tell you it’s because of limited time available to get to the gym, circumstances have changed and their attention needs to be focused elsewhere for the time being, or they may just say that exercise doesn’t work for them.  While some of these are valid points, and life does have a way of getting in the way, the biggest reason most people are giving up is due to a lack of understanding.   If you don’t understand your body or its needs, it will be very difficult to set realistic (SMART ) goal to achieve your desired results.

The first step to ensuring you are setting yourself up for success is to understand what body type you have since your body type influences how you respond to diet and training.


Endomorph, Mesomorph, and Ectomorph Body Shapes

Endomorph, Mesomorph, and Ectomorph Body Shapes

  1. Ectomorphs (Ectos)
  2. Endomorphs
  3. Mesomorphs (Mesos)

Body Type Characteristics

Ectomorphs: Ectomorphs are thin individuals characterized by smaller bone structures and thinner limbs. They are often below the average weight for their height and have a skinny appearance. Ectomorphs tend to have very high metabolisms and often complain of relentless eating with little to no weight gain. This profile is linked to a fast metabolic rate and a high carbohydrate tolerance

Endomorphs:  The endomorphic body type is the complete opposite of an ectomorph. This individual will usually be larger in appearance with heavier fat accumulation and little muscle definition. They find it hard to drop the weight even though they try several diets or workout programs.  They tend to be insulin dominant. This profile leads to a greater propensity for energy storage, including both lean mass and fat mass.

Mesomorphs:  Mesomorphs have a medium sized bone structure and athletic body, and if they’re active, they usually have a considerable amount of lean mass. They gain muscle mass better than the ectomorphs but also lose fat quicker than endomorphs.  One can say the mesomorph body is more well-rounded. Mesomorphs tend to be testosterone and growth hormone dominant. This profile leads to a predisposition for muscle gain and the maintenance of a lower body fat. 


 Ectomorphs                                                                                          Endomorphs         Mesomorphs
 Small joints Large amount of fat ccumulation         Symmetrical build
 Skinny appearance Often fatigue easily         Wide shoulders
 Hyperactive Insatiable appetite         Small waist
 Fast metabolism  Slow metabolism         Low body fat
 Can eat whatever they want Cannot seem to drop weight         Well defined muscles
 Difficulty gaining weight          Narrow frame (“pencil frame”) Eat larger meals or several smaller  sized meals         Seems to put on muscle easily
 Small chest and buttocks Low muscle definition         Seems to burn fat easily
 Difficulty building muscle Larger frame         Eats in moderation
 Low body fat                                  Try various diet and exercise  programs to failure         Athletic

It is important to note that all bodies are not created equal and that it is very possible that you will show characteristics of 2 or all 3 of these body types.  With that, your “Body Type” will be the one that your largest number of traits reflects.